Free Technical SEO Checklist For Beginners

technical seo

Maximizing your website’s ranking potential in search engines can be an elusive and constantly evolving process. With the ever-shifting algorithms and intense competition for top-quality traffic, staying ahead of the game in technical SEO has become an absolute must for success.

Technical SEO encompasses a range of practices and factors critical to securing a favorable position in search engine results and drawing in organic traffic. These efforts can result in a significant impact on a business’s revenue, with heightened visibility leading to increased opportunities for attracting potential customers.

Given the crucial role that technical SEO plays, investing the necessary time and resources into search engine optimization is imperative. And to help you along this journey, we’ve created a comprehensive guide delving into the many elements that make up technical SEO. From website structure to mobile optimization and beyond, this guide will provide you with a step-by-step checklist to help elevate your website’s performance in search engines. Whether you’re a newcomer to the world of technical SEO or simply seeking to expand your expertise, this guide is an indispensable resource for anyone looking to optimize their website for success.

Understanding the Importance of Technical SEO

Unleashing the cruciality of technical SEO is a must-have attribute for any entity, be it a corporation or an individual, striving to escalate the visibility of their website on search engines. Technical SEO encompasses an array of components and techniques that uplift a website’s compatibility with search engines, enabling it to bag higher positions in search results and lure organic traffic. Search engines like Google operate with intricate algorithms to inspect and classify websites and the technicality of a website holds immense sway on its appearance in search results.

The technical structure of a website incorporates facets such as website organization, website speed and efficiency, mobile optimization, and more. These facets hold decisive power in determining the search engines’ outlook and ranking of a website as they determine the feasibility of search engines in crawling and indexing the website and how proficiently the website caters to its visitors’ experience.

Enhancing a website’s technical optimization is not only advantageous for search engines but also brings a better experience for visitors. A properly structured website with speedy load times and a smooth user experience encourages increased engagement and conversions as visitors are more likely to stay on the website and interact with its contents.

Conclusively, a technical SEO Audit is a critical aspect of a website’s success in search engines and shouldn’t be taken lightly. A technically optimized website will aid in elevating your visibility in search results, attract organic traffic and eventually boost your business.

The Technical SEO Checklist: Website Architecture


A. URL Structure: When it comes to your website’s URL structure, it’s important to make sure it’s both clean and easy to understand. This will help both search engines and users quickly see the relationships between your different pages and the hierarchy of your content SEO. To make this happen, aim for URLs that clearly describe what’s on the page and include important keywords. If you can, try to steer clear of dynamic parameters in your URL too. All of these small steps will lead to a better overall experience for both search engines and users.

B. Sitemap and Robots.txt File: When it comes to optimizing your website for search engines, having a sitemap and a robots.txt file is essential. An XML sitemap acts like a roadmap, giving search engines a clear and comprehensive list of all the pages on your website. This helps search engines quickly understand the structure of your site and ensure they’re able to index all the important pages.

On the other hand, the robots.txt file is used to give search engines specific instructions on which pages they should and should not crawl. This can be useful for a variety of reasons, such as preventing sensitive or low-value pages from being indexed or avoiding duplication of content.

Having both an XML sitemap and a robots.txt file is a simple but powerful way to make sure that search engines have a clear understanding of your website’s structure and content. It’s also a good way to ensure that your website is following best practices for technical SEO. So if you haven’t already, take the time to create and submit both a sitemap and a robots.txt file for your website – your search engine visibility will thank you!

C. Breadcrumb Navigation: Breadcrumb navigation is a helpful tool for both website visitors and search engines. It provides a clear and easy-to-understand display of the path a user took to reach a specific page on your website. This type of navigation not only makes it easier for users to understand where they are on your site, but it also helps them navigate back to previous pages with ease.

For search engines, breadcrumb navigation helps to give a clear picture of the structure of your website. It provides a visual representation of the hierarchy of your pages, making it easier for search engines to understand the relationships between your pages and to index your content correctly in search results.

Incorporating breadcrumb navigation into your website can greatly improve the user experience for your visitors, as well as boost your website’s visibility in search results. It’s a simple but effective way to make your website more user-friendly and search-engine-friendly at the same time.

If you haven’t already, consider adding breadcrumb navigation to your website. Not only will it help your users find what they’re looking for, but it will also give search engines a clear understanding of your website’s structure, helping to improve your visibility in search results.

Content Optimization


A. Keyword Research and Targeting: Keyword research is a critical component of any successful SEO strategy. The process of identifying the keywords and phrases that your target audience is searching for is the foundation of any effective optimization effort. When you know what your audience is looking for, you can create content that is both relevant and optimized for Google search engines, leading to increased visibility in search results.

Keyword research is all about understanding your audience and their needs. It provides valuable insight into what your target audience is searching for and the type of content they are interested in. By creating content that aligns with these interests and meets their needs, you can establish your website as a trusted source of information and build a stronger relationship with your audience.

Additionally, keyword research is important in technical SEO audits. It helps you understand the competition for specific keywords and phrases. This knowledge can be used to inform your content SEO strategy and help you determine which keywords and phrases are worth targeting. By focusing on keywords with lower competition, you can increase your chances of ranking well in search results and attracting more organic traffic to your website.

B. Content Quality and Relevance: Elevating your website’s presence in search results depends on the impeccable nature and significance of the content presented. Hence, ensuring that your content is unrivaled and caters to your desired audience is crucial.

Crafting content that is articulate, comprehensible, and saturated with information that appeals to your target audience is of utmost importance. Devoting time to generating exceptional content gives your website the leverage to climb up in search results and connect with a broader audience. So, step up your game and craft content that truly radiates!

C. Header Tags (H1, H2, etc.): Header tags, such as H1, H2, and so on, play a crucial role in organizing your content and making it easier to navigate for both users and search engines. When it comes to structuring your content, header tags are your best friend!

The H1 tag is typically used for the main title or heading of a page and provides a clear, concise representation of what the page is about and is important for the site audit. On the other hand, H2 tags are used for subheadings, providing a deeper level of structure to your content. This not only helps users easily find the information they’re looking for, but it also gives search engines an outline of your content, making it easier for them to understand what your page is about and how it should be categorized.

It’s important to use header tags appropriately and consistently throughout your content. Using too many H1 tags or using H2 tags for main headings can confuse both users and search engines and negatively impact your website’s visibility in search results.

D. Meta Descriptions and Title Tags: The significance of meta descriptions and title tags in website optimization cannot be overstated. These crucial components offer a brief overview of your page’s content, appearing in the SERPs, thus having an impact on the CTR of your search listings. Crafted with care and relevance, they can lure potential visitors to your page and website.

To optimize the impact of your meta descriptions and title tags, ensure they precisely reflect your page’s content and attract your target audience with clear and concise language. Infuse them with relevant keywords to enhance the local SEO understanding of your page, making it easier for them to rank you higher in search results. This optimization leads to an increase in traffic and elevates your overall online presence.

Site Speed and Mobile Optimization


A. Page Speed insights: Site speed not only affects how users perceive your website, but it also plays a big role in how search engines view it. That’s why it’s so important to make sure your website is lightning-fast!

To ensure your website is optimized for speed, there are a few key things you can do. For example, compressing your images can help reduce their file size and make your pages load faster. Minifying your code can also help improve your website’s speed by removing unnecessary characters and making your code more efficient. And, of course, using a fast and reliable hosting solution is essential to ensuring your website loads quickly and smoothly for users.

By taking the time to optimize your website for speed, you can improve both user experience and search engine visibility. A fast-loading website can keep visitors engaged and increase the likelihood that they will stick around and explore more of your content. And, as a bonus, a fast website can also help you rank higher in search results, making it easier for people to find you online.

B. Mobile Responsiveness: As mobile devices continue to grow in popularity, it’s becoming more and more important to ensure that your website is optimized for mobile users. After all, with so many people accessing the internet on their smartphones and tablets, you want to make sure that your website is providing the best possible experience for these users.

With the increasing popularity of mobile devices, it’s crucial to make sure your website is optimized for mobile users. Make sure your website is responsive, adjusting its layout and content based on the device it’s being viewed on.

C. Image and Media Optimization: Images and media files can greatly impact your website’s load time and user experience. Make sure to optimize your images and media files, using techniques such as compressing files and using descriptive and optimized file names.

Crawling and Indexing


A. Canonicalization: Canonicalization is the process of specifying the preferred version of a web page for search engines to index. This can help avoid duplicate content issues and improve your website’s visibility in search results.

B. Redirects and 404 Errors: Redirects are used to direct visitors and search engines to the correct page when a URL has changed, while 404 errors occur when a page cannot be found. Make sure to properly manage redirects and fix any 404 errors to maintain a positive user experience and improve your website’s search engine visibility.

C. Robots Meta Tags: Robots meta tags can be used to instruct search engines on how to crawl and index specific pages on your website. Make sure to use these tags appropriately, as they can greatly impact your website’s visibility in search results.

Link Building and Internal Linking


A. Backlink Analysis: Backlinks, or links from other websites to your website, are a critical factor in search engine visibility. Conduct a backlink analysis to understand the quality and quantity of links pointing to your website, and implement a strategy to build high-quality backlinks.

B. Link-Building Strategies: Link building is the process of acquiring high-quality backlinks to your website. Some effective link-building strategies include guest posting, broken link-building, and creating shareable content.

C. Internal Linking Structure: Internal linking helps search engines understand the structure of your website and can improve user experience. Make sure to implement a well-organized internal linking structure, linking relevant pages together and including clear and descriptive anchor text.

Tracking and Analytics


A. Google Search Console: Google Search Console is a free tool provided by Google that can help you monitor your website’s visibility in search results. Use Google search console to understand your website’s performance, track changes, and resolve any technical SEO issues.

B. Google Analytics: Google Analytics is a powerful tool for tracking and analyzing website traffic. Use Google Analytics to understand your website’s audience, track conversions, monitor the effectiveness of your SEO strategies, and resolve any technical issues.

C. Other Tracking Tools: There are many other tracking tools available, each with its own strengths and limitations. Consider using tools such as SEMrush, Ahrefs, and Moz to gain a comprehensive understanding of your website’s performance and visibility.


Technical SEO is a critical component of any successful website, as it impacts both user experience and search engine visibility. By following this comprehensive checklist, you can optimize your website, improve your search engine ranking, and increase your website’s visibility and traffic.

As the landscape of technical SEO continues to evolve, it’s important to stay up-to-date on the latest best practices and continually monitor and adjust your strategies as needed. With a little effort and attention to detail, you can take your website to the next level and achieve long-term success in search engines.

Get in touch with the Gignaut team today to start measuring and improving your marketing efforts.

Check the SaaS SEO Handbook to learn more